AGAVACEAE NOLINACEAE
CACTACEAE

Beaucarnea Lem.

III. Hort. 8: Misc. 59. 1861

Type: Beaucarnea recurvata Lemaire, 1861.

Calibanus, Rose Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 10: 90. 1906. Rojas- Piña et al. Taxon 2014, 1206.

Type: Calibanus caespitosus (Scheidweiler) Rose (= Dasylirion caespitosum Scheidweiler)

Die differenzierte Bearbeitung innerhalb der Familie Nolinaceae der Gattungen Beaucarnea, Lemaire (1861), Calibanus, Rose (1906), Nolina, Michaux, (1803), Dasylirion, Zuccarini, (1838), führten zu unterschiedlichen Ergebnissen der Autoren Trelease (1911), Duvall et al. (1993), Hernández-Sandoval (1993), Eguiarte et al. (1994), Chase et al. (1995), Bogler & Simpson (1995, 1996), Eguiarte (1995), Rudall et al. (2000), Yamashita & Tamura (2000).

Phylogenetische und morphologische Studien der Familie Nolinaceae (Beaucarnea, Calibanus, Dasylirion und Nolina) mit dokumentiertem Material wurden durchgeführt. Innerhalb der Familie Nolinaceae ist nun Calibanus in Beaucarnea klassifiziert. Die vorgelegten Daten bedürfen der Spezifizierung (Rojas-Piña et al. 2014). Die nicht eindeutig klassifizierten und nicht erwähnten Spezies bedürfen weiterer Untersuchungen.

Sieben Spezies sind endemisch in Mexiko in semiariden und trockenen tropischen Regionen verbreitet.
Zwei Spezies (Beaucernea pliabilis, Beaucarnea goldmanii) kommen südlich, in Nord Zentral Amerika, in Guatemala, Belize, Honduras und Salvador vor. (Rose 1906, Henández, 1993, Lott & Garcia-Mendoza, 1994, Rivera-Lugo & Solano, 2012, Rojas-Piña et al., 2014).

Einige Arten wurden/werden ab Mitte des 19. Jahrhundert in Mediterranen Regionen in Europa kultiviert und weltweit kommerzialisiert.

Die Gattung Beaucarnea Lemaire beinhaltet folgende Sektionen/Serien:

Mexicanae Hochstätter (2016)


South-Americanae Hochstätter (2016)

Literatur

Zusammenfassung

Alvarez Lara, J. (2015): Catálogo ilustrado de las especies arborescentes de los géneros Beaucarnea, Nolina y Yucca (Asparagaceae) des las regiones árides y semiáridas de México. UNAM. 1-137.
APG (2003): An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APGII. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 141: 399–436.
APG (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group) (2009): An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants. APG III. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 161: 105-121.?
Baker, J. G. (1872): On Dasylirion and Beaucarnea J. Bot. I.: 296-299, 323-329.?
Baker, J. G. (1881): A synopsis of Aloinea and Yuccoideae. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 233–237?
Bogler, J. D. (1998a): Three new species of Dasylirion (Nolinaceae) from Mexico and a clarification of the D. longissimum complex. Brittonia 50: 71–86.
Bogler, J. D. (1998b): Nolinaceae. In: Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The families and genera of vascular plants, 3. 392-397. Berlin: Springer.
Bogler, J. D. & Simpson, B. B. (1995): A chloroplast DNA study of the Agavaceae. Syst. Bot. 20: 191–205.
Bogler, J. D. & Simpson, B. B. (1996). Phylogeny of Agavaceae based on ITS rDNA sequence variation. Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1225–1235.
Bogler, J. D., Neff, J. L. & Simpson, B. B. (1995): Multiple origins of the yucca moth association. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92: 6864-6867.?
Brand, T. (2004): Lange verschwunden. Calibanus hookeri (Lemaire) Trelease. Kakt. and. Sukk. 54 (4): 93-96.?
Brand, T. (2007): Calibanus hookeri in Blüte – leichter als gedacht. Kakt. and. Sukk. 58 (10): 273-276.?
Cardel, Y., Rico-Gray, V., García-Franco, J.G. & Thien, L.B. (1997): Ecological status of Beaucarnea gracilis, an endemic species of the semiarid Tehuacán Valley, México. Conservation Biol. 11: 367–374.
Chase, M. W. et al. (1993): Phylogenetics of seed plants: An analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gene rbcL. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80: 528–548, 550–580.
Chase, M. W., et al. (1995): Molecular systematics of Lilianae. 109–137 in: Rudall, P.J., Cribb, P. J., Cutler, D. F. & Humphries, C. J. (eds., Monocotyledons: Systematics and evolution. London: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Chase, M. W., Reveal, J. L. & Fay, M. F. (2009): A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 161: 132–136.
Contreras, A. et al. (2008): Conservación y approvechaminento de Beaucarnea recurvata, especie forestal no maderable. Ciud. Biodivers. 28: 3-9.
Duvall, M. R. et al. (1993): Phylogenetic hypothesis for the monocotyledons constructed from rbcL gene sequence. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80: 607–619.
Douzery, E.J.P. et al. (1999): Molecular phylogenetics of Diseae (Orchidaceae): A contribution from nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 86: 887–899.
Eguiarte, L. E. (1995): Hutchinson (Agavales) vs. Huber y Dalhgren (Asparagales): Análisis moleculares sobre la filogenia y evolución de la familia Agavaceae sensu Hutchinson dentro de las monocotíledóneas. Bol. Soc. Bot. México 56: 45–56.
Eguiarte, L.E. et al. (1994): The systematic status of the Agavaceae and Nolinaceae and related
Asparagales in the monocotyledons: An analysis based on the rbcL gene sequence. Bol. Soc. Bot. México 54: 35–56.
Espejo, S. A. & López-Ferrari, A. R. (2008): Monocotiledóneas. CD 1 of: Ocegueda, S. & Llorente-Bousquets, J. (eds.), Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México, en capital natural de México, vol.1, Conocimiento actual de la biodiversidad. México: Conabio.
Garcia-Mendoza, A. & Galvan, R. (1995): Riqueza de las familias Agavaceae y Nolinaceae en México. Bol. Soc. Bot. México 56: 7-24.?
Glass, C. & Foster, R. (1970): Mexican loogbook. Cact. Succ. J. (US) 42: 263-269.?
Glass, C. & Foster, R. (1971): Mexican loogbook. Cact. Succ. J. (US) 43: 70-76.?Good-Avila, S. V. et al. ((2006): Timing and rate of speciation in Agave (Agavaceae). Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 103: 9124–9129.
Govaerts, R., Zonneveld, B. J. M. and Zona, S. A. (2012): World Checklist of Asparagaceae. Fascilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on Internet Accesed 5 Jun 2012. Hemsley, W. B. (1882–1886). Biologia Centrali-Americana; or Contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America. Botany (ed. by F. D. Goldman & O. Salvin), vol. 3. London: published for the editors.
Hernández, S. L. (1992). Una nueva especie de Beaucarnea (Nolinaceae). Acta Bot. Mex. 18: 25–29.
Hernández, S. L. (1993b): Beaucarnea Un género amenazado ? Cact. Suc. Mex. 38: 11–14.
Hernández-Sandoval, L. G. (1993): Cladistic analysis of the American genera of Asparagales and the systematic study of Beaucarnea (Nolinaceae and the taxonomic revision of Hemiphylacus (Hyacinthaceae). Ph. D. Issertation, Univ. of Texas, Austin.?
Hernández-Sandoval, L. G. (2001): Beaucarnea sanctomariana (Nolinaceae), a new micro-endemic species of Ponytail Palm from the Isthmus de Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico. Novon 11: 50-53?
Hernández-Sandoval, L. G. & Zamudio, S. (2003): Two new remarkable Nolinaceae from Central Mexico. Brittonia 55: 226-232.?
Hernández-Sandoval, L. et al. (2012): Manejo y conservación de las especies con valor commercial de Pata de Elefante (Beaucarnea). México: Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro.
Hess, W. J. (2012): Nolina. In Flora of North America .Vol. 26. 413-421. ?
Hochstätter, F. (2000). Yucca I. Dehiscent - fruited species. druckbild, Titisee-Neustadt.?
Hochstätter, F. (2002): Yucca II. Indeshiscent – fruited species. druckbild, Titisee-Neustadt.
Hochstätter, F. (2004): Yucca III. Mexico. druckbild, Titisee-Neustadt.
Hochstätter, F. (2010): Il genere/the genus Nolina (Nolinaceae) Piante Grasse 30 (Suppl. al n°1: 1-50.?
Hochstätter, F. (2011): Dasylirion Zucc. (Nolinaceae) Revisione del genere /Revision of the Genus. 1. Piante Grasse 31 (1): 21-26.?
Hochstätter, F. (2011): Dasylirion Zucc. (Nolinaceae) Revisione del genere /Revision of the Genus. 2. Piante Grasse 31 (3): 106-122.?
Hochstätter, F. (2011): Dasylirion Zucc. (Nolinaceae) Revisione del genere /Revision of the Genus. 3. Piante Grasse 31 (4): 147 Titelbild, 162-181.
Hochstätter, F. (2013): Yucca feeanoukiae spec. nov. Hochstätter. Cactus & Co. 17 1: 72-79. Illustr.
Hochstätter, F. (2013): Nolina pollyjeanneae a new species from Oklahoma. Acta Succulenta 1 (1): 4-8. Illustr.
Hochstätter, F. (2014 publ. 2015): Agave Linné (Agavaceae). Druck, Mannheim.
Hochstätter, F. (2015): Manfreda Salisbury, Polianthes Linné, Prochnyanthes Watson (Agavaceae). Druck, Mannheim.
Hochstätter, F. (2015): Yucca (Section Hesperoyucca (Agavaceae). International Cactus Adventures. No. 106-107 (Titelbild, 2-1).
Hooker, W. J. (1859): Dasylirion hartwegianum. Hartweg´s Dasylirion. Curt. Bot. Mag. 55: t. 5099.?
Irish, M. & G. (2000): Agaves, yuccas, and related plants: A gardener’s guide. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
Krause, K. (1930): Dasylirion. In A. Engler (ed.) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 15 a, W. Engelmann, Leipzig.?
Lemaire, C. (1861): Genre nouveau de la familie des Asparagecées: Beaucarneae. Illustrr. Hort. 8: 57-62. Figs. 1-9.?
Lott, E. J. & Garcia-Mendoza, A. (1994): Agavaceae. In Davidse, G. Et al. (eds). Flora Mesoamericana, Volumen 6, Altismataceae a Cyperaceae. Instituto de Biologica, UNAM, Mexico/Missouri
Botanical Garden, Stl. Louis, Missouri / Natural History Museum, London, 35-47.?
McNeill, J. F. M. et al. (2006). International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code). ?
McNeill, J. F. M. et al. (2012): International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants
(Melbourne Code). Regnum Vegetabile 154. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.
Nyffeler, R. & Eggli, U. (2010): An up-to-date famiial and suprafamilial classification of succuelnt plants. Bradleya 28: 125-144.?
Pires, J. C. et al. (2006): Phylogeny, genome size, and chromosome evolution of Asparagales. Aliso 22: 287–304.
Rivera-Lugo, M. & Solano, E. (2012): Flora del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán, fasc. 99, Nolinaceae Nakai. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
Rojas- Piña et al. (2014): Molecular phylogenetics and morphology of Beaucarnea (Riscaceae) as distinct from Nolina, and the submersion of Calibanus into Baeucarnea. Taxon. 63 (6): 1193-1211.?
Rose, J. N. (1906): Studies of Mexican and Central American plants. No. 5. Liliaceae. Dasylirion and its allies. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 10: 87-92, tt. 23-25.?
Rowley, G. D. (1987): Caudiciform and pachycaul succulents. Pachcauls, bottle, barrel- and elephant-trees and their kin: A collector´s miscellany: Strawberry Press, Mill Valley, California.?
Rowley, G. D. (1990): Nolina s. str., Beaucarnea and Calibanus. Cactus Adventures. 5: 2-4.
Rowley, G. D. (2006): Teratopia. The world of christate and variegated succulents. Cactus & Co. Tradate, Italy.
Ruiz-Sanchez, E. & Specht, C. A. (2014): Ecological Speciation in Nolina parviflora (Asparagaceae): Lacking Spatial Connectivity along of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. 9 (6): 1-11. PLOS ONE.?
Seberg, O. et al. (2012): Phylogeny of the Asparagales based on three plastid and two mitochondrial genes. Amer. J. Bot. 99: 875–889.
Smith, C. I. et al. (2008): Pattern and timing of diversification in Yucca (Agavaceae): specialized
pollination does not escalate rates of diversification. Proc. Roy. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci. 275: 249–258.
Thiede, J. (2012): Nomenclatural status of unranked Names published by Trelease (1911) in Beaucarnea, Dasylirion, and Nolina (Asparagaceae-Nolinoideae). Phytoneuron. 1-4. ?
Trelease, W. (1911) The desert Group Nolinaeae. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 50: 404-443. ?
Trelease, W. (1912): Nolineae novae. Feddes Report 11: 40-53.?
Ullrich, B. (1992): Dasylirion longissimum Lemaire (Nolinaceae). Kakt. and. Sukk. 43 : 25.?
Walker, C. C. (2001): Nolinaceae. In U. Eggli (ed.) Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants Vol. I. Monocotyledons. Springer, Heidelberg. 286-292.?
Walker, C. C. (2015) Beaucarnea updated. Cactus World 33 (4): 267-272.
Watson, S. (1879): XV Contributions to American Botany Revision of the North American Liliaceae. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 213–303.
Yamashita, J. & Tamura, M. N. (2000): Phylogenetic analyses and chromosome evolution in Convallarieae (Ruscaceae sensu lato), with some taxonomic treatments. J. Pl. Res. 117: 363–370.